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ChesterRep is the University of Chester's institutional repository and an online platform designed to collate, store, and aid discoverability of research carried out at the university to the wider research community

For more information about how to submit material to ChesterRep, see our ChesterRep guides here. You can also find out more about our editorial and open access policies here. Please note that you must be a member of the University of Chester in order to view these pages.

  • The efficacy of appropriate paper-based technology for Kenyan children with cerebral palsy

    Barton, Catherine; Buckley, John; Samia, Pauline; Williams, Fiona; Taylor, Suzan R.; Lindoewood, Rachel (Informa UK Limited, 2020-10-19)
  • Charteris-Black, J. (2017). Fire Metaphors: Discourses of Awe and Authority

    Neary, Clara (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018-11-20)
  • Bioavailability of Orally Administered Active Lipid Compounds from Four Different Greenshell™ Mussel Formats

    Miller, Matthew R.; orcid: 0000-0002-5402-7466; email: Matt.Miller@cawthron.org.nz; Kruger, Marlena C.; orcid: 0000-0002-8646-9672; email: M.C.Kruger@massey.ac.nz; Wynne, Chris; email: chris@ccst.co.nz; Waaka, Devonie; email: devonie.waaka@ccst.co.nz; Li, Weili; email: w.li@chester.ac.uk; Frampton, Chris; email: chris.frampton@otago.ac.nz; Wolber, Fran M.; email: F.M.Wolber@massey.ac.nz; Eason, Charles; email: Charles.Eason@cawthron.org.nz (MDPI, 2020-10-23)
    Greenshell™ mussel (GSM, Perna canaliculus) is New Zealand’s most important aquaculture species. They are a good source of long chain-polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC PUFA). Beyond a traditional food product, GSMs are also sold as mussel powders and oil extract formats in the nutraceutical markets. In this study, a four-sequence, single dose, randomized crossover human trial with eight evaluable healthy male participants was undertaken to determine the bioavailability of the n-3 LC PUFA in four different GSM formats (oil, powder, food ingredient and half-shell unprocessed whole mussel) by measuring area under the curve (AUC) and maximal concentration (CMax). Blood samples were collected at baseline and up to 48 h after initiation of product consumption in each administration period. There were minor differences between the bioavailability of FA (fatty acid) between the different GSM formats. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) peak concentrations and plasma exposures were significantly lower with GSM oil compared to GSM half-shell and GSM powder formats, which resulted in AUC0−48 for the intake of GSM half-shell mussel and GSM powder being significantly higher than that for GSM oil (p = 0.013, f= 4.84). This equated to a 20.6% and 24.3% increase in the amount of EPA present in the plasma after consumption of half-shell mussels and mussel powder respectively compared to GSM oil. GSM oil produced the shortest median time to maximal plasma n-3 LC PUFA concentration of all evaluated products demonstrated by a shorter maximum measured plasma concentration (TMax = 5 h). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and n-3 LC PUFA plasma exposure parameters were statistically comparable across the four GSM products evaluated.
  • A novel method to optimise the utility of underused moulted plumulaceous feather samples for genetic analysis in bird conservation

    Peters, Catherine; orcid: 0000-0001-6269-3904; email: c.peters@chester.ac.uk; Nelson, Howard; Rusk, Bonnie; Muir, Anna (Springer Netherlands, 2019-10-24)
    Abstract: Non-invasive sampling methods are increasingly being used in conservation research as they reduce or eliminate the stress and disturbance resulting from invasive sampling of blood or tissue. Here we present a protocol optimised for obtaining usable genetic material from moulted plumulaceous feather samples. The combination of simple alterations to a ‘user-developed’ method, comprised of increased incubation time and modification of temperature and volume of DNA elution buffer, are outlined to increase DNA yield and significantly increase DNA concentration (W = 81, p < 0.01, Cohens’s d = 0.89). We also demonstrate that the use of a primerless polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique increases DNA quality and amplification success when used prior to PCR reactions targeting avian mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). A small amplicon strategy proved effective for mtDNA amplification using PCR, targeting three overlapping 314–359 bp regions of the cytochrome oxidase I barcoding region which, when combined, aligned with target-species reference sequences. We provide evidence that samples collected non-invasively in the field and kept in non-optimal conditions for DNA extraction can be used effectively to sequence a 650 bp region of mtDNA for genetic analysis.

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